A Medical Terms List

Arteries are the blood vessels that carry oxygenated blood away from the heart to the tissues. Also called paracentesis, it involves removing excess fluid from the abdomen using a needle. The abdominal fluid may build up in relation to liver disease, heart failure, traumatic injury, tumors, ruptured intestines, or bladder. Disclaimer – All information and content on this site are for information and educational purposes only. The information should not be used for either diagnosis or treatment or both for any health-related problem or disease. Always seek the advice of a qualified physician for medical diagnosis and treatment.

A waxy protein is found in the central nervous system. Plays a crucial role in neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer’s. A digestive enzyme secreted by the salivary glands and the pancreas. Amylase digests carbohydrates in the food into glucose and maltose.

A condition in which the eye and brain fail to work together, resulting in vision impairment in just one eye. Also called “lazy eye”, amblyopia can occur in both eyes, which is rare. Adipose cells also called adipocytes, lipocytes, or fat cells, are specialized to synthesize and store fat globules.

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A diagnostic procedure involves listening to the sounds of thoracic or abdominal viscera. Abnormal sounds could indicate problems in the lungs, heart valves, and abdomen. Atrial fibrillation happens when atria and ventricles don’t work together as they should due to faulty electrical signaling, resulting in quivering or irregular heartbeats. Also indicates conditions where the opening in the body is closed. Arthrocentesis – The clinical procedure that aspirates synovial fluid from a joint cavity for diagnostic purposes. Arthralgia – Joint pain arising from injury, infection, arthritis, and other ailments.

For example, the antrum of the stomach is also called the pyloric antrum or gastric antrum. It is the lower portion of the stomach and contains numerous mucous- and gastrin-secreting cells. Steroid hormones are responsible for puberty, fertility, and sexual function in men. Though androgens are typically thought of as male hormones, the female body also produces them.

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